Cash dividends property dividends liquidating dividends and stock dividends
On January 15, Company A's board of directors approved the transfer of marketable securities to its shareholders in the form of a property dividend.
The book value of these securities was ,250,000; however, their current market value was ,500,000.
The term property dividend refers to the formal distribution of an asset other than cash to holders of preferred or common shares of stock.
A property dividend can take many forms, including real estate, items held in inventory, equipment, and even investments held by the company.
This difference has income tax implications to shareholders.
Companies will pay liquidating dividends under the following circumstances: Distributions can only be made to shareholders after the money owed to creditors has been paid.The term liquidating dividend refers to the process of providing shareholders with a partial or full distribution of their capital investment in the company.Liquidating dividends are typically paid when a company is going out of business or has sold a portion of the enterprise.When a corporation earns a profit or surplus, the corporation is able to re-invest the profit in the business (called retained earnings) and pay a proportion of the profit as a dividend to shareholders.Distribution to shareholders may be in cash (usually a deposit into a bank account) or, if the corporation has a dividend reinvestment plan, the amount can be paid by the issue of further shares or share repurchase.